欢迎光临
我们一直在努力

Prism+MaterialDesign+EntityFramework Core+Postgresql WPF开发总结 之 中级篇

本着每天记录一点成长一点的原则,打算将目前完成的一个WPF项目相关的技术分享出来,供团队学习与总结。

总共分三个部分:

基础篇主要争对C#初学者,巩固C#常用知识点;

中级篇主要争对WPF布局与MaterialDesign美化设计,在减轻代码量的情况做出漂亮的应用;

终极篇为框架应用实战,包含MVVM框架Prism,ORM框架EntityFramework Core,开源数据库Postgresql。

目录

  1. Prism+MaterialDesign+EntityFramework Core+Postgresql WPF开发总结 之 基础篇
  2. Prism+MaterialDesign+EntityFramework Core+Postgresql WPF开发总结 之 中级篇
  3. Prism+MaterialDesign+EntityFramework Core+Postgresql WPF开发总结 之 终极篇(待续)

前言

WPF的发布同时伴随着MVVM框架的发布,此篇将围绕MVVM框架做表示与数据分离设计,包含基础UI设计以及MaterialDesign的高端设计。MVVM框架细节请参照终极篇。其中的一个效果图如下,其他效果图请往下看。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::0

基础UI设计

用Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF),可以创建具有非凡视觉效果的桌面Windows 应用程序。目前.NET Core 3.0 支持使用 Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) Windows 桌面应用程序,以后有可能扩展到其他OS平台。

WPF设计中使用的XAML标记语言,类似XML标记语言。XAML以及WPF自带的基础控件此处不做介绍可以参照微软文档。

一、常见布局

布局关键点就是不管什么像素下都能适应窗体大小。WPF内部提供了一套强大的布局系统,设计人员只需要使用相对定位布局就可以。

通用布局:网格,堆叠,停靠。掌握这三种差不多可以应对所有开发。

1、网格布局

也就是常用的Grid布局。通过行列把界面划分为网格,子控件指定相应的行列号布局到指定格子。

行与列的高宽可以使用【*】按比例划分,也可以使用【Auto】根据内容自动调整。默认情况下,行和列占用的空间量最少,以容纳给定行或列中包含的任何单元内的最大内容。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::1
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::2

    <Grid>
        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
        </Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <Grid Grid.Row="0">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <TextBox Grid.Column="0" Text="column1 auto" />
            <TextBox Grid.Column="1" Text="column2 auto" />
            <TextBox Grid.Column="2" Text="column3 auto" />
        </Grid>
        <Grid Grid.Row="1">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <TextBox Grid.Column="0" Text="column1 auto" />
            <TextBox Grid.Column="1" Text="column2 *" />
            <TextBox Grid.Column="2" Text="column3 auto" />
        </Grid>
        <Grid Grid.Row="2">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="2*" />
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <TextBox Grid.Column="0" Text="column1 *" />
            <TextBox Grid.Column="1" Text="column2 2*" />
        </Grid>
        <Grid Grid.Row="3">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="2*" />
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <TextBox
                Grid.Column="0"
                Height="100"
                Text="column1 * height=100" />
            <TextBox Grid.Column="1" Text="column2 2*" />
        </Grid>
    </Grid>

View Code

效果如图:大小随窗体自动调整。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::3

2、堆叠

控件按指定方向排列,显示不下的时候根据所使用的控件不同会有区别。

  1. StackPanel:子控件按垂直或水平堆叠,超出空间不换行。
  2. VirtualizingStackPanel:子控件在水平或垂直的行上虚拟化并排列,超出空间不换行。(大量数据绑定时常用)
  3. WrapPanel:子控件按从左到右的顺序定位,在当前行上的控件超出允许的空间时,换行到下一行。(列表模板常用)

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::4
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::5

    <Grid ShowGridLines="True">
        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="60" />
            <RowDefinition Height="60" />
            <RowDefinition Height="60" />
            <RowDefinition Height="60" />
            <RowDefinition Height="60" />
            <RowDefinition Height="60" />
        </Grid.RowDefinitions>
        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelHorizontal 1" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelHorizontal 2" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelHorizontal 3" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelHorizontal 4" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelHorizontal 5" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelHorizontal 6" />
        </StackPanel>
        <StackPanel Grid.Row="1" Orientation="Vertical">
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelVertical 1" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelVertical 2" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelVertical 3" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelVertical 4" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelVertical 5" />
            <TextBlock Text="statckpanelVertical 6" />
        </StackPanel>
        <VirtualizingStackPanel Grid.Row="2" Orientation="Horizontal">
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelHorizontal 1" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelHorizontal 2" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelHorizontal 3" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelHorizontal 4" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelHorizontal 5" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelHorizontal 6" />
        </VirtualizingStackPanel>
        <VirtualizingStackPanel Grid.Row="3" Orientation="Vertical">
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelVertical 1" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelVertical 2" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelVertical 3" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelVertical 4" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelVertical 5" />
            <TextBlock Text="VirtualizingStackPanelVertical 6" />
        </VirtualizingStackPanel>
        <WrapPanel Grid.Row="4" Orientation="Horizontal">
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelHorizontal 1" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelHorizontal 2" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelHorizontal 3" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelHorizontal 4" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelHorizontal 5" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelHorizontal 6" />
        </WrapPanel>
        <WrapPanel Grid.Row="5" Orientation="Vertical">
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelVertical 1" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelVertical 2" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelVertical 3" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelVertical 4" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelVertical 5" />
            <TextBlock Text="WrapPanelVertical 6" />
        </WrapPanel>
    </Grid>

View Code

效果如下:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::6

StackPanel与VirtualizingStackPanel布局效果一样。WrapPanel比较特殊:指定水平方向堆叠时,水平放不下自动换成下一行显示;指定垂直方向堆叠时,垂直放不下时自动换成下一列显示。

3、停靠

DockPanel:子控件与面板的边缘对齐。这个分模块布局时用的最多。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::7
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::8

    <DockPanel>
        <WrapPanel
            Height="50"
            Background="LightBlue"
            DockPanel.Dock="Top"
            Orientation="Horizontal">
            <TextBlock Text="Header----DockPanel.Dock=Top" />
            <TextBlock Text="Header1" />
            <TextBlock Text="Header1" />
            <TextBlock Text="Header1" />
            <TextBlock Text="Header1" />
            <TextBlock Text="Header1" />
        </WrapPanel>
        <WrapPanel
            Background="LightGray"
            DockPanel.Dock="Left"
            Orientation="Vertical">
            <TextBlock Text="Left----DockPanel.Dock=Left" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
            <TextBlock Text="menu1" />
        </WrapPanel>
        <WrapPanel
            Background="LightSkyBlue"
            DockPanel.Dock="Right"
            Orientation="Horizontal">
            <TextBlock Text="Right----DockPanel.Dock=Right" />
            <TextBlock Text="content" />
            <TextBlock Text="content" />
            <TextBlock Text="content" />
            <TextBlock Text="content" />
            <TextBlock Text="content" />
            <TextBlock Text="content" />
        </WrapPanel>
    </DockPanel>

View Code

效果如下:与Grid类似,不过是固定区域按方向自动延展。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::9

二、式样与模板

通过定义式样和模板,重复使用它能让应用代码量下降,同时也方便以后维护修改。

1、式样 Style

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::10
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::11

    <Window.Resources>
        <!--  默认表示字体为16pt  -->
        <Style TargetType="TextBlock">
            <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="16" />
        </Style>
        <!--  继承默认设置并扩展  -->
        <Style
            x:Key="Title"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type TextBlock}}"
            TargetType="TextBlock">
            <Setter Property="FontWeight" Value="Bold" />
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="20" />
        </Style>
    </Window.Resources>
    <StackPanel Orientation="Vertical">
        <TextBlock Text="default style" />
        <TextBlock Style="{StaticResource Title}" Text="Title style" />
    </StackPanel>

View Code

自定义式样效果图:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::12

2、模板 Template

WPF的所有控件都提供了默认的模板ControlTemplate,模板一般和式样结合使用。模板中需要特别学习VisualState和Trigger,通过VisualState可以设计在不同状态(鼠标按下,松开等)时控件显示样式,而通过Trigger可以让控件跟随参照对象数据或者绑定的数据做式样变化,内容比较多此篇不详细介绍。

如下是一个根据绑定的数据内容显示不同控件的例子。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::13
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::14

<Window
    x:Class="WPFUI.Core.Template"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WPFUI.Core"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    xmlns:sys="clr-namespace:System;assembly=mscorlib"
    Title="Template"
    Width="800"
    Height="450"
    mc:Ignorable="d">
    <Window.Resources>
        <!--  TextBox的显示模板  -->
        <DataTemplate x:Key="typeText" DataType="sys:String">
            <TextBox Width="100" Text="{Binding Path=Content, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" />
        </DataTemplate>
        <!--  Label的显示模板  -->
        <DataTemplate x:Key="typelabel" DataType="sys:String">
            <Label Content="{Binding Path=Content, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" />
        </DataTemplate>
        <!--  CheckBox的显示模板  -->
        <DataTemplate x:Key="typeCheck" DataType="sys:String">
            <CheckBox Content="{Binding Path=Content, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" />
        </DataTemplate>
        <!--  Image的显示模板  -->
        <DataTemplate x:Key="typeimg" DataType="sys:String">
            <Label Background="LightBlue" Content="{Binding Path=Content, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" />
        </DataTemplate>
        <DataTemplate x:Key="typeTemp">
            <ContentPresenter
                x:Name="detail"
                Content="{Binding Path=Content, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                ContentTemplate="{StaticResource typeText}" />
            <DataTemplate.Triggers>
                <!--  如果字符为text,则显示TextBox模板  -->
                <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding}" Value="text">
                    <Setter TargetName="detail" Property="ContentTemplate" Value="{StaticResource typeText}" />
                </DataTrigger>
                <!--  如果字符为label,则显示Label模板  -->
                <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding}" Value="label">
                    <Setter TargetName="detail" Property="ContentTemplate" Value="{StaticResource typelabel}" />
                </DataTrigger>
                <!--  如果字符为check,则显示CheckBox模板  -->
                <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding}" Value="check">
                    <Setter TargetName="detail" Property="ContentTemplate" Value="{StaticResource typeCheck}" />
                </DataTrigger>
                <!--  如果字符为img,则显示Image模板  -->
                <DataTrigger Binding="{Binding}" Value="img">
                    <Setter TargetName="detail" Property="ContentTemplate" Value="{StaticResource typeimg}" />
                </DataTrigger>
            </DataTemplate.Triggers>
        </DataTemplate>
    </Window.Resources>
    <Grid>
        <ListView ItemTemplate="{StaticResource typeTemp}">
            <!--  测试数据  -->
            <ListView.ItemsSource>
                <x:Array Type="sys:String">
                    <sys:String>text</sys:String>
                    <sys:String>label</sys:String>
                    <sys:String>check</sys:String>
                    <sys:String>img</sys:String>
                </x:Array>
            </ListView.ItemsSource>
            <ListView.ItemsPanel>
                <ItemsPanelTemplate>
                    <WrapPanel Orientation="Vertical" />
                </ItemsPanelTemplate>
            </ListView.ItemsPanel>
        </ListView>
    </Grid>
</Window>

View Code

效果如下:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::15

 高端UI设计 MaterialDeisgn

它是Google开源的一套UI设计系统,用它可以设计出非常美观的Web页面,App,桌面程序,尤其是图标非常全面。有它你不用懂Photoshop也可以设计出高端的界面。

官网地址:https://material.io/

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::16

一、引入MaterialDesign

WPF专用的MaterialDesign开源代码地址:https://github.com/MaterialDesignInXAML/MaterialDesignInXamlToolkit

项目介绍网站:http://materialdesigninxaml.net/

1、添加MaterialDesignThemes包

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::17

2、编辑App.xaml添加资源 

全局引入MaterialDesign的资源文件

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::18
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::19

<prism:PrismApplication
    x:Class="WpfMaterial.Core.App"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WpfMaterial.Core"
    xmlns:prism="http://prismlibrary.com/">
    <Application.Resources>
        <ResourceDictionary>
            <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Light.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignThemes.Wpf;component/Themes/MaterialDesignTheme.Defaults.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Primary/MaterialDesignColor.Indigo.xaml" />
                <ResourceDictionary Source="pack://application:,,,/MaterialDesignColors;component/Themes/Recommended/Accent/MaterialDesignColor.Lime.xaml" />
            </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        </ResourceDictionary>
    </Application.Resources>
</prism:PrismApplication>

View Code

3、配置MaterialDesign参照和字体

添加命名空间和字体(字体对图标显示很重要),这样就可以使用它里面的控件了。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::20
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::21

<Window
    x:Class="WpfMaterial.Core.Views.MainWindow"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
    xmlns:prism="http://prismlibrary.com/"
    Title="{Binding Title}"
    Width="525"
    Height="350"
    prism:ViewModelLocator.AutoWireViewModel="True"
    Background="{DynamicResource MaterialDesignPaper}"
    FontFamily="{DynamicResource MaterialDesignFont}">
    <Grid>
        <materialDesign:Card Margin="16" Padding="32">
            <TextBlock Style="{DynamicResource MaterialDesignTitleTextBlock}">My First Material Design App</TextBlock>
        </materialDesign:Card>
    </Grid>
</Window>

View Code

卡片效果:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::22

二、使用MaterialDesign

场景一:登录界面

简单又美丽,图标都是MaterialDesign自带的。

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::23

相关代码:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::24
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::25

        <materialDesign:Card
            Width="425"
            Height="350"
            Margin="16"
            Padding="32">
            <Grid>
                <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <TextBlock
                    Grid.Row="0"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                    Margin="20"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                    FontSize="28"
                    Text="Login" />
                <materialDesign:PackIcon
                    Grid.Row="2"
                    Grid.Column="0"
                    Width="30"
                    Height="30"
                    Margin="30,15,10,15"
                    VerticalAlignment="Center"
                    Kind="Account" />
                <TextBox
                    Grid.Row="2"
                    Grid.Column="2"
                    Margin="0,10,30,10"
                    materialDesign:HintAssist.Hint="用户名"
                    Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingHintTextBox}" />

                <materialDesign:PackIcon
                    Grid.Row="3"
                    Grid.Column="0"
                    Width="30"
                    Height="30"
                    Margin="30,15,10,15"
                    VerticalAlignment="Center"
                    Kind="Key" />
                <PasswordBox
                    Grid.Row="3"
                    Grid.Column="2"
                    Margin="0,10,30,10"
                    materialDesign:HintAssist.Hint="密码"
                    Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingHintPasswordBox}" />
                <Button
                    Grid.Row="4"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                    Height="50"
                    Margin="40,20,40,25"
                    Content="登录"
                    FontSize="20" />
            </Grid>
        </materialDesign:Card>

View Code

场景二:列表界面

常见使用

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::26

相关代码:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::27
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::28

<Window
    x:Class="WpfMaterial.Core.Views.ListView"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
    xmlns:prism="http://prismlibrary.com/"
    xmlns:vm="clr-namespace:WpfMaterial.Core.ViewModels"
    Background="{DynamicResource MaterialDesignPaper}"
    FontFamily="{DynamicResource MaterialDesignFont}"
    FontSize="16">
    <Window.DataContext>
        <vm:ListViewViewModel />
    </Window.DataContext>
    <Window.Resources>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudIsSelectedCheckBoxStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type CheckBox}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type CheckBox}">
            <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
            <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="Center" />
        </Style>

        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridColumnHeaderStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridColumnHeader}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridColumnHeader}">
            <Setter Property="Background" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueMidBrush}" />
            <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="LightGray" />
            <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1" />
            <Setter Property="IsEnabled" Value="False" />
            <Setter Property="Padding" Value="2" />
            <Setter Property="Height" Value="30" />
            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueMidForegroundBrush}" />
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridRowHeaderStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridRowHeader}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridRowHeader}">
            <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="0" />
            <Setter Property="Width" Value="0" />
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridRowStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridRow}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridRow}">
            <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Stretch" />
            <Setter Property="Height" Value="30" />
            <Style.Triggers>
                <Trigger Property="IsSelected" Value="True">
                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightBrush}" />
                    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightForegroundBrush}" />
                </Trigger>
            </Style.Triggers>
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridCellStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridCell}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridCell}">
            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightForegroundBrush}" />
            <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="LightGray" />
            <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1" />
            <Setter Property="Padding" Value="0" />
            <Style.Triggers>
                <Trigger Property="IsSelected" Value="True">
                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightBrush}" />
                    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightForegroundBrush}" />
                    <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="LightGray" />
                </Trigger>
            </Style.Triggers>
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudEditButtonStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFlatButton}"
            TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
            <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
            <Setter Property="Cursor" Value="Hand" />
            <Setter Property="ToolTip" Value="编辑" />
            <Setter Property="Content" Value="编辑" />
        </Style>
    </Window.Resources>
    <Grid>
        <DataGrid
            Margin="5"
            AutoGenerateColumns="False"
            CanUserAddRows="False"
            CanUserDeleteRows="False"
            CanUserResizeColumns="False"
            CanUserResizeRows="False"
            CellStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridCellStyle}"
            ColumnHeaderStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridColumnHeaderStyle}"
            ItemsSource="{Binding Items}"
            RowHeaderStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridRowHeaderStyle}"
            RowStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridRowStyle}"
            SelectionMode="Single"
            SelectionUnit="FullRow">
            <DataGrid.Columns>
                <DataGridTemplateColumn>
                    <DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                        <DataTemplate>
                            <CheckBox IsChecked="{Binding Selected, Mode=TwoWay}" Style="{StaticResource CrudIsSelectedCheckBoxStyle}" />
                        </DataTemplate>
                    </DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                </DataGridTemplateColumn>
                <DataGridTextColumn
                    Width="*"
                    Binding="{Binding Name}"
                    Header="姓名" />
                <DataGridTextColumn
                    Width="Auto"
                    Binding="{Binding Age}"
                    Header="年龄" />
                <DataGridTemplateColumn Width="Auto" Header="编辑">
                    <DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                        <DataTemplate>
                            <Button Style="{StaticResource CrudEditButtonStyle}">
                                <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Edit" />
                            </Button>
                        </DataTemplate>
                    </DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                </DataGridTemplateColumn>
            </DataGrid.Columns>
        </DataGrid>
    </Grid>
</Window>

View Code

场景三:消息界面

编辑弹出框

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::29

相关代码:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::30
::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::31

<Window
    x:Class="WpfMaterial.Core.Views.ListView"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:materialDesign="http://materialdesigninxaml.net/winfx/xaml/themes"
    xmlns:prism="http://prismlibrary.com/"
    xmlns:system="clr-namespace:System;assembly=mscorlib"
    xmlns:vm="clr-namespace:WpfMaterial.Core.ViewModels"
    Background="{DynamicResource MaterialDesignPaper}"
    FontFamily="{DynamicResource MaterialDesignFont}"
    FontSize="16">
    <Window.DataContext>
        <vm:ListViewViewModel />
    </Window.DataContext>
    <Window.Resources>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudIsSelectedCheckBoxStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type CheckBox}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type CheckBox}">
            <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
            <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="Center" />
        </Style>

        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridColumnHeaderStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridColumnHeader}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridColumnHeader}">
            <Setter Property="Background" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueMidBrush}" />
            <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="LightGray" />
            <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1" />
            <Setter Property="IsEnabled" Value="False" />
            <Setter Property="Padding" Value="2" />
            <Setter Property="Height" Value="30" />
            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueMidForegroundBrush}" />
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridRowHeaderStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridRowHeader}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridRowHeader}">
            <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="0" />
            <Setter Property="Width" Value="0" />
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridRowStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridRow}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridRow}">
            <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment" Value="Stretch" />
            <Setter Property="Height" Value="30" />
            <Style.Triggers>
                <Trigger Property="IsSelected" Value="True">
                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightBrush}" />
                    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightForegroundBrush}" />
                </Trigger>
            </Style.Triggers>
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudDataGridCellStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type DataGridCell}}"
            TargetType="{x:Type DataGridCell}">
            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightForegroundBrush}" />
            <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="LightGray" />
            <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1" />
            <Setter Property="Padding" Value="0" />
            <Style.Triggers>
                <Trigger Property="IsSelected" Value="True">
                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightBrush}" />
                    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{DynamicResource PrimaryHueLightForegroundBrush}" />
                    <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="LightGray" />
                </Trigger>
            </Style.Triggers>
        </Style>
        <Style
            x:Key="CrudEditButtonStyle"
            BasedOn="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFlatButton}"
            TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
            <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
            <Setter Property="Cursor" Value="Hand" />
            <Setter Property="ToolTip" Value="编辑" />
            <Setter Property="Content" Value="编辑" />
        </Style>
    </Window.Resources>
    <materialDesign:DialogHost DialogMargin="8" Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignEmbeddedDialogHost}">
        <materialDesign:DialogHost.DialogContent>
            <StackPanel Margin="20">
                <TextBlock
                    FontSize="20"
                    FontWeight="Bold"
                    Text="添加用户" />
                <TextBox
                    Width="200"
                    Margin="0,8,0,0"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                    materialDesign:HintAssist.Hint="姓名"
                    Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingHintTextBox}" />
                <TextBox
                    Width="200"
                    Margin="0,8,0,0"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                    materialDesign:HintAssist.Hint="年龄"
                    Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingHintTextBox}" />
                <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Right" Orientation="Horizontal">
                    <Button
                        Margin="0,8,8,0"
                        Command="materialDesign:DialogHost.CloseDialogCommand"
                        IsDefault="True"
                        Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFlatButton}">
                        <Button.CommandParameter>
                            <system:Boolean xmlns:system="clr-namespace:System;assembly=mscorlib">
                                True
                            </system:Boolean>
                        </Button.CommandParameter>
                        确定
                    </Button>
                    <Button
                        Margin="0,8,8,0"
                        Command="materialDesign:DialogHost.CloseDialogCommand"
                        IsCancel="True"
                        Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFlatButton}">
                        <Button.CommandParameter>
                            <system:Boolean xmlns:system="clr-namespace:System;assembly=mscorlib">
                                False
                            </system:Boolean>
                        </Button.CommandParameter>
                        取消
                    </Button>
                </StackPanel>
            </StackPanel>
        </materialDesign:DialogHost.DialogContent>
        <Grid>
            <DataGrid
                Margin="5"
                AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                CanUserAddRows="False"
                CanUserDeleteRows="False"
                CanUserResizeColumns="False"
                CanUserResizeRows="False"
                CellStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridCellStyle}"
                ColumnHeaderStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridColumnHeaderStyle}"
                ItemsSource="{Binding Items}"
                RowHeaderStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridRowHeaderStyle}"
                RowStyle="{StaticResource CrudDataGridRowStyle}"
                SelectionMode="Single"
                SelectionUnit="FullRow">
                <DataGrid.Columns>
                    <DataGridTemplateColumn>
                        <DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                            <DataTemplate>
                                <CheckBox IsChecked="{Binding Selected, Mode=TwoWay}" Style="{StaticResource CrudIsSelectedCheckBoxStyle}" />
                            </DataTemplate>
                        </DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                    </DataGridTemplateColumn>
                    <DataGridTextColumn
                        Width="*"
                        Binding="{Binding Name}"
                        Header="姓名" />
                    <DataGridTextColumn
                        Width="Auto"
                        Binding="{Binding Age}"
                        Header="年龄" />
                    <DataGridTemplateColumn Width="Auto" Header="编辑">
                        <DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                            <DataTemplate>
                                <Button Style="{StaticResource CrudEditButtonStyle}">
                                    <materialDesign:PackIcon Kind="Edit" />
                                </Button>
                            </DataTemplate>
                        </DataGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
                    </DataGridTemplateColumn>
                </DataGrid.Columns>
            </DataGrid>
            <Button
                Margin="0,0,28,20"
                HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                VerticalAlignment="Bottom"
                Command="{x:Static materialDesign:DialogHost.OpenDialogCommand}"
                Style="{StaticResource MaterialDesignFloatingActionMiniAccentButton}">
                <materialDesign:PackIcon
                    Width="22"
                    Height="22"
                    Kind="Plus" />
            </Button>
        </Grid>
    </materialDesign:DialogHost>
</Window>

View Code

总结

以上效果有没有觉得很炫,用MaterialDesign设计界面简单又美观,这也是我推荐的原因。

其他显示效果可以参考Github上的模拟程序:https://github.com/MaterialDesignInXAML/MaterialDesignInXamlToolkit/releases

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::32

 

模拟程序主题配色一览如下:

::__IHACKLOG_REMOTE_IMAGE_AUTODOWN_BLOCK__::33

转载本站文章请注明,转载自:IT技术资讯 [https://www.ithothub.com]

本文链接:https://www.ithothub.com/ihh/202004101447858.html

赞(0) 打赏

评论 抢沙发

评论前必须登录!

 

觉得文章有用就打赏一下文章作者

支付宝扫一扫打赏

微信扫一扫打赏